It became a great commercial success when it did appear partly because international relations were transformed as the wartime alliance gave way to the Cold War.Old Major, the old boar on the Manor Farm, summons the animals on the farm together for a meeting, during which he refers to humans as "enemies" and teaches the animals a revolutionary song called "Beasts of England".
The Soviet Union, he believed, had become a brutal dictatorship, built upon a cult of personality and enforced by a reign of terror.In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell described Animal Farm as a satirical tale against Stalin (" and in his essay "Why I Write" (1946), wrote that Animal Farm was the first book in which he tried, with full consciousness of what he was doing, "to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole".Through a young pig named Squealer, Napoleon claims credit for the windmill idea.The animals work harder with the promise of easier lives with the windmill.When the animals find the windmill collapsed after a violent storm, Napoleon and Squealer convince the animals that Snowball is trying to sabotage their project.
Once Snowball becomes a scapegoat, Napoleon begins to purge the farm with his dogs, killing animals he accuses of consorting with his old rival.The pigs start to resemble humans, as they walk upright, carry whips, and wear clothes.The Seven Commandments are abridged to a single phrase: "All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others." Napoleon holds a dinner party for the pigs and local farmers, with whom he celebrates a new alliance.However, the truth was that Napoleon had engineered the sale of Boxer to the knacker, allowing him and his inner circle to acquire money to buy whisky for themselves.(In 1940s England, one way for farms to make money was to sell large animals to a knacker, who would kill the animal and boil its remains into animal glue.) Years pass, and the windmill is rebuilt along with construction of another windmill, which makes the farm a good amount of income.It is celebrated annually with the firing of a gun, on the anniversary of the Revolution. When Snowball announces his plans to modernize the farm by building a windmill, Napoleon has his dogs chase Snowball away and declares himself leader.